Basic guide to the main types of sufboards

Juanferpt's picture
12 · 19 · 2017

If you are an experienced surfer you already know the type of surfboard that is most appropriate for you. You will also know the different parts of your board, the type and number of appropriate keels you should have depending on the type of surfing, its dimensions, the most common sizes, and all the elements that differentiate one surfboard from another. But nevertheless, if you are starting in this exciting sport, this article on the main types of surfboards will interest you, basic tips to help you learn to choose your perfect surfboard.

Before moving on to the guide, this video titled 'Different Surfboard types' shows you more about the different models that we list below, allowing you to form a clearer image of each model.


With this guide, you can know the most important characteristics of the 9 main types of surfboards. Let's begin!


Main types of surfboards

  1. Stand Paddle Board
types of surfboards This is the largest surfboard. Its size, width and thickness allow it to stably support the weight of a person standing in any circumstance, both on and off a wave. On this huge board, the surfer has a flexible oar to propel himself and also to maneuver on a wave. The Stand Paddle Board is an excellent and fun option for surf days with small waves with little force. 


  1. Longboard
types of surfboards This is a large, round-tipped surf board, also known as a 'plank.' Inspired by the Hawaiian 'trunks,' they are the original surfboards, used at the beginning of the growth of surfing. The Longboard is ideal for small and medium waves, and also for big waves if the surfer is experienced. This type of surfboard allows you to perform unique movements such as Hang Five, Hang Ten or Drop Knee.


  1. Gun
types of surfboards The characteristics of this type of surfboard, its tip and sharp tail, as well as its elongated design, make acceleration while catching waves greater and increase their stability, which makes them perfect for surfing large waves. The Gun is a surfboard suitable only for expert surfers.


  1. Malibu (Mini-Longboard)
Despite being a large surfboard with a rounded tip like the Longboard, it is somewhat smaller and more maneuverable, allowing you to carry out the typical maneuvers of its big sister. Due to its size and thickness, the Malibu is a good choice for beginner surfers, but also for days with small waves with low force, even if you're an experienced surfer.


  1. Evolutiva

This is a type of surfboard of greater size and thickness than the Shortboard, which gives them a buoyancy and stability very suitable for beginners surfers. But because of their maneuverability, they can also serve for more advanced surfers with a desire to have fun spinning on the waves. In addition, its design with the slightly rounded tip makes it easier to paddle and surf the waves from the first day. The Evolution is the best surfboard to start surfing.


  1. Shortboard
types of surfboards This surfboard is the most common model, with a more evolved design. They are versatile and suitable boards for all wave conditions, because they offer a good balance between speed and maneuverability. The Shortboard is the most technical type of surfboard, so you need a medium level of surfing ability to get the most out of it.


  1. Retro
types of surfboards Thick, short and with a lot of front surface, this is a type of surfboard inspired by designs from the 70s, the golden age of surfing, with shapes that can be somewhat strange, finished with a swallowtail and with 1, 2 , 3 and up to 4 keels. The Retro moves well in small or medium waves with little strength, but is not suitable for large or very hollow waves.


  1. Fish
types of surfboards The fish model is characterized by being wide, short, with little curve and a swallow tail, being a type of surfboard designed especially for surfing waves with little force, whether small or medium, because they plan very well on them. It is very similar to certain models of Retro type boards. With respect to the Shortboard, the Fish comes out ahead, since its greater thickness facilitates paddling and maneuverability, at the same time allowing it to slide a lot without needing a strong wave. However, it doesn't work well in large or hollow waves.


  1. Tow-in

types of surfboards

This type of surfboard is designed to catch waves while you are towed by a jet ski. The Tow-in is the smallest and narrowest of all surfboards and has 'footstraps' to keep it attached to the feet at all times, which gives perfect control in maneuvers and great stability in large waves. To use this type of surfboard you need to have a medium or high level of experience and, of course, someone to tow you with their jet ski.

We hope that this 'Basic guide to the main types of surfboards' will be useful for you for choosing your most appropriate board. In any case, if you still have any questions, it's best to ask your trusted surfboard salesman. He will we sure to advise you perfectly.